1. The composition of the human body
Taijiquan is a whole-body movement, or whole-body movement driven by the lumbar spine, so it should start from the human structure.
According to TCM theory, the human body is composed of qi, blood, meridians, bones, marrow and viscera.The five zangs refer to:Heart, liver, lung, spleen, kidney;The six fu organs refer to:Large intestine, small intestine, bladder, stomach, gallbladder, three jiao.These organs are connected by many meridians, each of which has a number of acupoints, which are equivalent to the energy bank of qi and blood. Adjusting them can not only prevent and cure diseases, but also change the quality of life.
Yu points of zang-fu organs are located around the spine. According to the theory of qi and blood of traditional Chinese medicine, methods such as massage, sticking plaster and plum blossom magnetic needle on meridian points can clear up qi and blood of zang-fu organs, so as to achieve the purpose of internal and external treatment, and the effect is very good.According to clinical experience, many visceral diseases can be cured by spinal massage, massage, acupuncture and other therapies.In disease of cervical vertebra, thoracic vertebra, lumbar vertebra in clinical make a diagnosis and treatment, the patient that has half companion has plant nerve mussily and corresponding viscera disease, when vertebra disease is cured, these corresponding viscera disease also was cured.Tai chi can also play such a role.Taijiquan takes the activity of waist ridge as the main operation method.Requirement is dominated by the waist, lumbar ridge has not moved.Due to lumbar spinal movement continuously, make human body produce all sorts of attitude, cooperate with boxing potential and inner gas well up, breathing rhythm of expansion of the backbone relaxation, as long as the spine movement, are around the spine get massage and exercise of shenshu point of the zang-fu organs, especially the waist on the opposite side of the ridge "Ming, after the beneficiary before folding idea is more intense, make two kidney gets very good massage, demonstrated to enhance gas, dredge qi of zang-fu organs, achieve the goal of fitness cure.Only full belly gas, can Yin pingyang secret, solid life this.Dantian gas is the foundation of life, is the key to coordinate Yin and Yang and resist the invasion of disease and evil.
2. Composition of the spine
The human spine consists of five lumbar vertebrae, seven cervical vertebrae and twelve thoracic vertebrae.24 bone joints, both successively relax and cover, and virtual alignment, in the right overlap, supporting the weight of the whole body, shaking a lot.The various postures of the human body are formed by the changes of the spine and the movement of the limbs.The natural spine of the human body is s-shaped, which is formed by the posterior curvature of the thoracic vertebra and the anterior curvature of the cervical vertebra and lumbar vertebra.In order to form taiji body style, these two curves should be basically filled in, and the s-shape curvature of the spine can be reduced by the functions of such techniques as empty collar and top strength, chest pulling out the back, loosing the hips and collecting the hips, which is required by Chinese internal kung fu and fitness qigong, so as to facilitate the cultivation of internal kung fu and the storage of internal qi.
The spinal canal is formed in the middle of the spine, which contains all the bone marrow. There are many nerve cell bodies in the bone marrow, such as motor neurons, sensory neurons, and walking nerve fiber bundles, which are the pathways connecting the brain and nerves.Fists receptor when received information of the outside world, through the spinal cord to the brain, the brain make a comprehensive analysis, issued orders to the spinal cord to the relevant parts of the body, react, produce tai chi — stroke, squeeze, press, mining, spliting, elbow, depend, forward, backward, left and right are determined in thirteen, potential actions.
Taijiquan qi shen dantian, the tail is the result of lumbar activities;Contain chest to pull out the back, air to stick the back, force sends by the ridge, these are the result of thoracic vertebra activity;Empty collar top strength, vertical item god through the top, these are the results of cervical vertebra movement.As long as the line fist, under the command of the idea, with the life door as the locomotive, drive the spine and limbs movement, directly related to the back bone marrow nerve.Every movement of taijiquan, first by the foot of Yin and Yang change, and waist of the virtual and real change, through the spine and limbs successively through, can cause the shape of the limbs change, and successively through, must be the whole body loose, loose through the premise can be completed.Song is the method of practicing boxing, but also the soul of practicing boxing, and successively string together is the purpose of practicing boxing, without successively string together, you can't train inner strength, body loose not through is impossible to achieve successively string together.
Boxing by yue:A move around the body with light spirit, especially must endure.This shows how important it is to practice successively in taijiquan.Sash limb and limb motion, have the loose of the waist first, sink, turn, put long, what ability has limb next is forward, retreat, go up, sink, left look forward to, right look forward to.The whole process of boxing, is the process of spinal activity, so not only the governor two pulse and wuzangliufu yu point get massage, at the same time the spinal cord nerve also get good exercise, enhance the governor two pulse of qi and blood smooth, wuzangliufu can follow robust, these parts of the bone and muscle group also get exercise.
3. The important role of waist and hip
The waist plays a very important role in the spine. It is composed of five lumbar vertebrae, and the third segment is composed of the tail.The birth of the two kidneys beside the point of the mingmen, corresponding to the shenque point (navel), below the qi sea point (gas sea point is the storage of gas), this area is commonly known as the field of life, is the key part of practicing tai chi.Boxing by yue:"Dominate in the waist", "always pay attention to in the waist", "the source of life in the waist gap" and so on, these explain whether it is disc frame or push hand, waist always plays a key role.Waist is the key to the transformation of body shape, is the total power of the use of thirteen potential, eight kinds of strength and change, and the loose empty waist is the premise of the body round live, sensitive change, so loose waist is the key in the key.No matter be "lumbar gap" still be "between the waist" say, explain a kind of important condition of the waist, that is the waist is empty with loose, only the waist is loosened, lumbar section ability leaves, there is space between lumbar vertebra, so loose waist just is the source of meaning.
Yang chengfu taijiquan ten points of the third special mention of the waist:The waist is the master of a body, can loosen the waist then two feet can be powerful, the footwall is firm, the change of the virtual reality all turns by the waist.To loosen your waist, you have to slide your hips.Only loose waist just can enter the door of tai chi, only slip buttock just can enter the door of loose waist, so the waist can only loose, and cannot use hard force.
Waist is loose, the foot is difficult to relax, knee hip jiang, the waist is presented and the large joints, waist is loose don't open a piece of plate formation, blocking channel up and down, upper body of the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand four joints back not to drop, the force in the whole power operation, so it is difficult to realize the change of Yin and Yang, light spirit, line steps such as cats, yun jin the ounce of tai chi.
Although waist crotch is joined together, but each has each action.Flat crotch is also called sitting crotch, and hanging the head is an important rule of taiji upright posture.Tell from the function, hang with imposing manner and light spirit are concerned, collapse crotch and sink spirit, sink strength, change strength, send strength to wait to be closely related.Collapse crotch is those who obtain hip joint is agile, only crotch joint height is agile, lumbar crotch and integral ability have the floating feeling that rises to float sinking probably, left rotate right turn advance and retreat follow the heart.Lower abdomen is a body center of gravity, the so-called loose waist collapse crotch, crotch shen qi, gas shen dantian and other statements, but it is to emphasize the reduction of center of gravity and flexible and stable, plus with the axis of the waist, rotation freely, in order to resolve the other side to force, stable undefeated.Waist main rotation, with flexible for use, to drive limbs, this is practice soft foundation;The crotch is composed primarily, stabilizes the center in the flexible displacement.Although the waist crotch is connected together, the effect is different, the kung fu is a bit deeper, the waist crotch is actively used when doing the fist.The activity of limb is the exterior outspread of action of waist crotch only, or the expression form that calls action of waist crotch;And the person of kongfu shallow, see hand and foot blind move, move carelessly, do not see the motion law of waist crotch.
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