On the ground in the direction of mecca, as part of the islamic ritual salat. Ritual is one of the five essential elements of faith that the holy book, the quran, proposes.
According to research from binghamton university at the state university of New York, the complex physical exercise of ritual can reduce back pain if done regularly and correctly.
"One way to think about these exercises is that they are similar to yoga or physical therapy interventions used to treat lower back pain," said mohammad khasawneh, professor and head of the department of systems science and industrial engineering, one of the authors. "Ergonomic studies using digital mannequins to study the body movements of muslims in prayer."
While the study focused on islamic prayer practices, similar movements were found in Christian and jewish prayer rituals, as well as in yoga and physical therapy.
The paper appears in the latest issue of the international journal of industrial and systems engineering. In collaboration with khasawneh, faisal aqlan, assistant professor of industrial engineering at behrend, Pennsylvania state university, abdulaziz ahmed, assistant professor of business at kruxton, university of Minnesota, and wen cao peninsula regional medical center improvement, performance improvement consultant, operational performance division, are co-authors of the paper. All three are alumni of binghamton university's doctoral program in industrial and systems engineering.
"Physical health is influenced by socioeconomic, lifestyle and religious factors. "In addition, studies show a strong link between prayer and vigilance in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, "khasawneh said. Prayer relieves physical stress and anxiety, and studies have shown that prayer rituals can be considered an effective clinical treatment for neuromusculoskeletal dysfunction.
The researchers used computer-generated motion analysis statistics from digital mannequins of healthy Indian, Asian and American men and women as well as models of lower back pain.
The team found that the hunch of the back was the most intense part of the lower back, but for people with low back pain, using the proper knee and back Angle during rituals reduced the pain. The Angle is based on the shape of the individual.
"The maximum compression force produced in the prayer position is well below the safety limit set by the national institute of occupational safety and health (niosh), and it is safe to view these exercises as clinical treatments for lower back pain because it requires different human exercises on a regular basis," hasunai said. Depending on the degree of pain, the combination of back and knee angles can be determined."
For those with back pain, they may not be able to maintain accurate prayer positions. According to islamic tradition and custom, individuals can pray sitting or lying down if they can't stand it. If they are able to stand, they should maintain the correct posture as much as possible.
"Kneeling (sujud) increases the elasticity of the joints. "Suggest that these people spend more time kneeling," says khasawneh.
According to the team, using the wrong Angle and movement increases pain. The team also suggests that further research is needed to find out the best movements in groups with physical disabilities, women with more extreme body types, especially women, especially pregnant women. The team plans to further validate the findings with physical experiments, using sensors and cameras to track stress in various body parts during the service.